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Guaro Culture: Variquisimeto – History of the City of Twilight

This city has a rich history, with over 450 years of existence.

As you know, Venezuela has many of the oldest cities on the continent and, among them, you can find Barquisimeto. The birth of this city was found among the ashes and diseases that threatened its citizens, however, it went ahead. Nowadays, Nueva Segovia de Barquisimeto -known at the time of its definitive foundation- is a city full of life, vibrant and filled with energy. Here we will let you know the history of this city:


It all begins in 1552 with the conqueror, Juan de Villegas, at the moment when he went from El Tocuyo to the lugubrious mountains of Buría in search of gold. Villegas, motivated by this idea, hoped to find great amounts of wealth. After eleven long days, they finally arrived at Buría.


Immediately, Juan de Villegas proceeded to find the appropriate area to stay and build the city in the company of the Clerk and the Priest that year. After finding it, he founded the place with the relevant ceremonies. This small settlement was more classified as a slave labor center under the Spanish oligarchic rule than a city.

Before establishing the city we love, Barquisimeto changed its location four times in a span of eleven years. Thanks to the ambition for gold and wealth, the Spanish people moved from that territory when the mines, along with gold, were extinguished to another.

Later on, the town started to rise in a place called El Carabali. At that moment, the town takes the name of “Variquisimeto” which means “River of ashen waters” in the local aboriginal language. When they thought that this would be the last place they would go, the town was converted to ashes by the tyrant Lope de Aguirre in 1561.

Finally, they arrived in the City of Twilight on their fourth attempt to settle down. This place is located to the north of the river Turbio around 564 meters above the sea level. In 1563, the city started to grow and to truly develop. Since then, it has grown into what Barquisimeto is today, a place with a beautiful colonial architecture.

In 1736, without knowing why, the image of the Divine Shepherd arrived in the Lara state. The parish priest of the population of Santa Rosa decided to return it after seeing it was a mistake because what they were expected was a construction of the image of the Immaculate Conception. But it was impossible to return the statue because of its weight. The whole town, after seeing the circumstances, concluded that the religious effigy wished to remain in Santa Rosa, and so they adopted it as the faithful patron of the guaros.

Over the years, the city has been modernized, investing in shops, roads, modern industries, and homes. Despite all the years and the global advance, it still maintains its colonial and period heart. The city still retains the whole history behind the name Variquisimeto.

At, we’re proud of the rich history of our land. We want you to know the rich history of our heritage. That’s why today we invite you to read the articles we’ve done about the city to know historical landmarks that have been part of the expression of our culture. And by all means, come and visit the City of Twilight. I assure you that you will fall in love with it!

Get to know the musical capital of Venezuela, Barquisimeto.

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Aidnes Sanchez
Aidnes Sanchez
Blogger and full time dreamer.

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